Main events of the week
- The main event of this past week was the progress of the Syrian army in the eastern enclave of the rebel organizations (east and northeast of Daraa) with the support of the Russian and Syrian air forces. The Syrian army reported that it was now 7 km from the Al-Naseeb border crossing between Syria and Jordan. A major fighting zone is the city of Daraa, which is of symbolic significance (it is where the uprising against the Assad regime began). The city is surrounded on the east, north and west, and the Syrian army is also striving to block the route leading southward to the border with Jordan.
- The Syrian army is supported by Iraqi Shiite militias handled by Iran, but their weight in the Syrian order of battle participating in the campaign appears to be insignificant. According to the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, Hezbollah sent its elite Radwan unit to the battlefront in southern Syria.
EAST KURDISTAN (IRAN) – Ehsan Bodaghi July 4, 2018 – AL MONITOR – Article Summary – Far from a game of musical chairs, the shift in the leadership of the Iranian parliament’s national security and foreign policy commission is set to alter the stances of the body. After 14 years, the Iranian parliament’s national security and foreign policy commission has a new chairman. Heshmatollah Falahatpisheh will replace Alaeddin Boroujerdi, who has headed the commission since 2005. Although both men are conservatives, they differ greatly in the policies they have adopted in the past. They also diverge in terms of the support they have derived from parliamentary factions. As such, the leadership shift is viewed by observers as much more than simply a game of musical chairs. Indeed, a commission headed by Falahatpisheh will likely experience very different days ahead.
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS TODAYS GENERAL ANALYSIS : Russia is Now Closer to Israel Than to Iran When it Comes to Syria
Written by Adam Garrie – eurasiafuture – on 2018-07-02 – Russia, Israel and the United States issue similar statements on Iran
Russia’s official policy regarding the presence of foreign troops in Syria remains consistent. Now that Moscow believes its limited mandate to fight, neutralise and contain Takfiri terrorist elements has been fulfilled, key Russian officials have stated that all foreign troops, including those in Syria at the behest of the government in Damascus must also begin a withdrawal process from the country.
On the 30th of May, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov stated,
“As regards the confrontation between Israel and Iran in Syria, we have agreements on the southwestern de-escalation zone, these agreements have been reached between Russia, the United States and Jordan. Israel was informed about them as we were working on them. They [agreements] stipulate that this de-escalation zone should consolidate stability, while all non-Syrian forces must be withdrawn from this area. And I think that this should happen as soon as possible”.
– Politikwissenschaftler aus Düsseldorf – firstname.lastname@example.org
Vorwort – Flucht, Vertreibung und Migration sind weltweite Phänomene, die vielfältige Ursachen haben. Die Geschichte der Menschheit ist auch die Geschichte von Kriege, Flucht, Vertreibung und Migration, sowohl innerhalb der Staaten, als auch Grenzüberschreitend. Nie zuvor waren so viele Menschen gezwungen, ihr Zuhause zu verlassen. Was sind die Beweggründe für die Flucht und Migration?
Über 65 Millionen Menschen sind es laut UNHCR, die vor Krieg, Konflikten und Verfolgung auf der Flucht sind. Nicht mitgezählt werden dabei jene, die aufgrund ökolgischer Krisen (Umweltzerstörung und Kliamawandel), Armut, Ausbeutung, Verfolgung von Andersdenkenden und Chancenlosigkeit gezwungen sind, zu migrieren, und die Zahl der Flüchtlinge hat Weltweit zugenommen.
Innerstaatliche Ursachen für Flucht und Vertreibung im Irak
July 2018 – ISW – Russia is facilitating a humanitarian catastrophe in order to force the surrender of opposition-held towns and villages in Southern Syria. Russia’s air campaign has reportedly destroyed at least seven hospitals and displaced more than two hundred thousand civilians in Eastern Dera’a Province since June 24. Russia has also advised the UN to halt cross-border deliveries of humanitarian aid from Jordan into Southern Syria. Russia is purposefully creating a wave of displacement and violence in order to coerce armed opposition groups and civilians into accepting localized reconciliation deals across Southern Syria. Russian Military Police have successfully brokered the reconciliation of more than eight towns and villages in Eastern Dera’a Province since June 29. The terms for these reconciliations often amount to unconditional submission, including the surrender of all heavy and medium weapons as well as the return of regime security and intelligence services. Russia used similar military and political pressure to coerce the surrender of opposition-held communities during the pro-regime offensive against the Eastern Ghouta Suburbs of Damascus in February 2018. Russia has demonstrated a consistent willingness to disregard international law and its own diplomatic commitments in order to facilitate the full reconquest of opposition-held Syria by Assad.
“Tiger Forces Commander Enters Deraa with Russian ground, Air Escort.” Al Masdar, June 19, 20108. Available: https://www.almasdarnews(.)com/article/tiger-forces-commander-enters-daraa-with-russian-ground-air-escort/
 [Liwa Imam al Baqir] Facebook, June 21, 2018. Available: https://www.facebook(.)com/hendawi.98/posts/1009482709201809
 “Briefing by Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Maria Zakharova, Moscow, June 28, 2018.” The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, June 28, 2018. Available: http://www.mid(.)ru/en/press_service/spokesman/briefings/-/asset_publisher/D2wHaWMCU6Od/content/id/3280395#3
Posted by Institute for the Study of War
MiddleEastInstitute @MiddleEastInst 3 July 2018 – Analysis: As international companies leave #Iran under U.S. pressure, the Iranian government is turning to Russia, China, and the “east” to replace the West’s hesitant commitment to the Iranian market. https://buff.ly/2lvWLBr https://buff.ly/2lvWLBr
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TURKEY HUMAN RIGHTS FOUNDATION
Contents – Articles
04 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 1
07 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 3
08 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 6
09 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 8
14 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 11
15 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 14
16 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 16
18 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 18
19-21 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 21
22 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 24
23 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 26
24 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 29
25 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 31
Article Sources and Contributors 34
04 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report 1
04 May 2018 Daily Human Rights Report
(05/013) Military Operation to Afrin…
On May 3, 2018, 1 soldier died and 1 soldier got injured as a result of an explosion during mine sweeping as a part
of Afrin operation of Turkish Armed Forces.
Q&A with Mustafa Hijri Secretary General of the Democratic party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDK-I)
Mustafa Hijri – Secretary General of the Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan (PDK-I) remarks and Q&A during his visit to the Washington Kurdish Institute (WKI).
Mustafa Hijri: Let me first thank the Washington Kurdish Institute for arranging this and also thank you all for coming here. I’m going to briefly talk about PDK-I. PDK-I was founded in 1948 and ever since has been struggling for democracy and human rights in Iranian Kurdistan both in the previous regime and the current regime.
Because both regimes were dictatorships and didn’t have any tolerance for different political parties, or pluralism, so they declared, both regimes declared PDK-I illegal and dissolved. After the revolution in 1979 we tried a lot to negotiate a peaceful solution for Kurdish rights in Iran with the new government.
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS TODAYS ANALYSIS BY JONATHAN SPYER – JERUSALEM POST
by jonathanspyer – Jerusalem Post, 29/6 – Deraa offensive marks endgame for the Syrian rebellion – but strife in Syria set to persist – The Syrian regime’s offensive on the rebel held areas of Syria’s Deraa province commenced on June 25th. The Syrian Arab Army’s premier units are among the forces engaged. The Tiger Forces of Colonel Soheil Hassan, and the 4th Armored Division are in Deraa. So too are fighters from Lebanese Hizballah, in Syrian army uniform, according to a Hizballah associated website.
Israel Accepts Pro-Assad Takeover of South
By Scott Lucas – eaworldview – July 2, 2018 – Israel has indicated its acceptance of the recapture of southern Syria by pro-Assad forces, including foreign militias and enabled by Russian airstrikes. For weeks before the pro-Assad offensive began on June 19, Israel had warned that it might intervene if Hezbollah and/or Iranian-supported fighters were involved. After talks with the Israelis, Russia publicly called for “non-Syrian forces” to leave Daraa and Quneitra Provinces, near the Jordanian border and the Israeli-occupied Golan Heights.In the past 13 days, the pro-Assad air and ground assault has reoccupied some towns and forced the surrender of others in both eastern and western Daraa Province. Photographs have indicated the presence of an Iranian-led Iraqi militia among the pro-Assad forces.At the start of Sunday’s Cabinet meeting, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu set out a firm posture: We will continue to defend our borders. We will extend humanitarian assistance to the extent of our abilities. We will not allow entry into our territory and we will demand that the 1974 Separation of Forces Agreement with the Syrian army be strictly upheld.