THEO VAN GOGH WATCH: Russland –  Putin zieht Truppen aus Syrien für Ukraine-Krieg ab / Israel honoriert mit Nicht-Waffenlieferugen an Ukraine

21.10.2022, FRANKFURTER RUNDSCHAU – In Syrien unterstützt Russland das Assad-Regime. Wladimir Putin verlagert nun einige Einheiten. Das wirkt sich auch auf Nachbarland Israel aus.

Moskau – Russland hat laut Beamten militärische Ausrüstung und Truppen aus Syrien abgezogen. Russland, das seit 2015 eine dominante militärische Kraft in Syrien ist und dazu beiträgt, das syrische Regime an der Macht zu halten, ist dort immer noch stark präsent. Darüber berichtete unter anderem die New York Times.

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH: Erstmals seit einem Jahrzehnt – Hamas-Delegation reist nach Syrien

Als Baschar al-Assad 2012 damit begann, die Arabellion in seiner Diktatur mit Gewalt niederzuschlagen, verließ die Hamas die syrische Hauptstadt Damaskus. Nun kehrt die palästinensische Terrorgruppe erstmals zurück. 19.10.2022, ASHARQ AL AWSAT  –

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH: VERY INTERESTING ! – Ein möglicher Schritt zur Annäherung zwischen Damaskus und Ankara

Nordsyriens Binnenübergänge; ein “Versuchsballon”

Enab Baladi – Hassan Ibrahim  18-10-22  –

Änderungen an der Karte der militärischen Kontrolle im Nordwesten Syriens sind seit März 2020 ins Stocken geraten, nachdem ein Abkommen zwischen Russland und der Türkei eine geografische Grenze zwischen den von der Opposition kontrollierten und den vom Regime kontrollierten Gebieten markierte und Binnenübergänge hinterließ, die die beiden Seiten verbanden.

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH: Syrische Bauern von “Erdogans Mauer” gefangen

Militärische Unruhen in Verbindung mit Dürre machen es viel schwieriger, vom Boden entlang der türkisch-syrischen Grenze zu leben. Lyse Mauvais AL MONTOR – 10. Oktober 2022

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH: ERDOGANS INTEL CHIEF IN SYRIA

Operation “Sheikh Maqsoud”: Gibt Damaskus Ankara GPS-Koordinaten?

Direktor des Nationalen Sicherheitsbüros in Syrien, Ali Mamlouk, und Chef des türkischen Geheimdienstes, Hakan Fidan – (modifiziert von Enab Baladi)  Enab Baladi 10-10-22

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH : DIE LAGE IN SYRIEN HEUTE ! 

Joshua Landis  9-10-22

Al-Jawlanis Regime in Idlib, Syrien, bereitet sich darauf vor, eine Handelsroute nach Assads Syrien zu eröffnen. Faylaq al-Sham, eine der Türkei nahestehende FSA-Miliz, geriet deswegen mit al-Jawlanis Truppen aneinander. Jawlani Faylaq . Er braucht türkische Waffen und Unterstützung.

english.alaraby.co.uk

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH: DIE FIFA ALS GLOBALE KRIMINELLE VEREINIGUNG

In Stadien, die zum Töten verwendet werden; FIFA und Asiatische Konföderation verbessern regimegehaltene Sportarten

ENAB BALADI NEWS SYRIEN  3-10-22 Enab Baladi – Mohammad al-Najjar

Der Internationale Fußballverband (FIFA) und die Asian Football Confederation (AFC) planen, eine Delegation, die die beiden Verbände vertritt, nach Syrien zu entsenden, um zu untersuchen, wie der Fußball in den vom Regime gehaltenen Gebieten nach einem Verbot syrischer Stadien vor 11 Jahren unterstützt werden kann.

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MESOP MDIEAST WATCH: Es ist Zeit, über Nordwestsyrien zu sprechen

Das Ignorieren der Region birgt die Gefahr, dass die Saat für politische und humanitäre Krisen in den kommenden Jahren gelegt wird. 30.9.22  THE NEW HUMANITARIAN

Natasha Saal – Senior Fellow am Center for Strategic and International Studies, wo sich ein Großteil ihrer Arbeit auf den Nahen Osten, Hilfe, Schutz und Vertreibung konzentriert –  Iyad Agha Koordinator des NGO-Forums Nordwestsyrien

Warum der UN-Sicherheitsrat jetzt für den Zugang zu Syrien-Hilfe stimmen muss

 

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MESOP MIDEAST WATCH: INSTABILITY IN SYRIA RETURNS AS RUSSIA DRAWS DOWN

Bottom Line Up Front: THE SOUFAN CENTER USA 28.9.22
  • The regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad faces renewed threats to its grip on power as Russia redeploys personnel and equipment to Ukraine.
  • Russia has sought to preserve its gains in Syria in part by engaging and seeking to coordinate Syria policy with Turkey.
  • Assad’s dependence on Iran has increased as Russia focuses on Ukraine, but Iran’s interests sometimes conflict with those of the Syrian government.
  • As external powers jockey for advantage in Syria, the humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate, including an outbreak of cholera in both government and opposition-held territory.
After more than a decade of civil war and what has been widely reported for the past several years as a re-capture of most of Syria by President Bashar al-Assad’s regime, the government’s fortunes, and the welfare of Syria’s citizens, are jeopardized by a complex mix of events and agendas. Paulo Sérgio Pinheiro, chair of the United Nations Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic, told the U.N. Human Rights Council on September 22: “The war is not over despite a general reduction in fighting. Hostilities are intensifying on several fronts.” A recent U.N. report covering events in early 2022 states, “Insecurity continued in government-controlled areas, particularly in the south of the country…The repositioning of Russian forces [in the south] demonstrated the fragility of current security arrangements, as did the continued reliance on Government-affiliated militias and armed groups, who are implicated, among others, in a booming drug trade.” In northern Syria, government forces have continued to battle the opposition that is confined largely to Idlib province, but enjoys the backing of neighboring Turkey. Much of eastern Syria is controlled by a mix of militias backed by Russia, the Syrian government, Iran, Turkey, and the United States – all of which are using Syrian militias as proxy forces against their regional adversaries or Islamic State forces still active in parts of Syria.

Russia’s major setbacks in its war in Ukraine have caused significant concern, although not panic, in Damascus. Iranian intervention in the Syrian civil conflict in 2013 helped stave off Assad’s defeat, but it has been Russian air strikes and ground units that helped Assad recapture much of the country by 2018. In need of more forces in Ukraine, Moscow has been redeploying some of the estimated 60,000 military personnel that were based in Syria at the height of the civil conflict since mid-2022. In May, the independent Moscow Times reported that several Russian military units had been relocated from bases across Syria to three airports on Syria’s Mediterranean coast, for ongoing transfer to Ukraine. In September, coinciding with Russia’s announcement of a “partial mobilization” of Russian reservists, news outlets reported that Russia decided to move units of its 217th Paratroop Regiment from Syria to Ukraine. Russia also has used its veto power on the U.N. Security Council to constrain a U.N.-backed cross-border aid program as pressure on the international community to engage diplomatically with the Assad government and reintegrate it into the regional and international fold. Yet, Russian pressure on Assad to compromise with his political opposition – a pre-requisite to ending the civil conflict completely – has been unsuccessful to date.

Perhaps to stabilize the Assad regime before drawing Russian forces down further, President Vladimir Putin and his aides have stepped up their engagement with Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his intelligence aides in recent months, including an August bilateral summit in Sochi, Russia. Russia and Turkey appear to have agreed to a Turkish reconciliation with Assad, apparently in exchange for tacit acquiescence to Turkey’s planned operations to expand a security zone along its border with Kurdish-controlled territory in northeastern Syria. Russia’s drawdown in Syria is, at the same time, enhancing the leverage of Iran and its allies – whose agendas sometimes differ from those of the Assad government. Some of the bases that Russian forces have evacuated have reportedly been taken over by Iranian forces and those of its ally, Lebanese Hezbollah. Both Russia and Iran seek to secure Assad in power; however, Iran also seeks to secure its supply lines to Hezbollah and use Syrian territory to pressure its primary adversaries Israel and the United States. Iran-backed militias have recently conducted unsuccessful drone and rocket strikes on bases in eastern Syria manned by U.S. and allied Syrian forces, including at Al Tanf. The United States has, on some occasions, retaliated against Iran-backed militia forces inside Syria. Iran’s buildup of military production infrastructure has attracted repeated strikes by Israel, including a June strike on Damascus airport. The Israeli strikes undermine Damascus’ war effort against its armed opponents.

The primary victims of the protracted conflict in Syria have been civilians, both those in areas under government control as well as the nearly 7 million internally displaced persons, of which over two million people live in 1,760 informal settlements and planned camps. According to a February assessment by the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, in 2022, 14.6 million Syrians were in need of humanitarian assistance, an increase of 1.2 million from 2021. The report added that Syria requires one of the largest humanitarian responses in the world, with assistance delivered to 6.8 million people per month. The June closure of Damascus airport, caused by the Israeli airstrike, resulted in the suspension of all flights for the U.N. Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) – the key enabler of access for humanitarian operations in Syria and in many other crisis countries.

Earlier this month, Syrian health authorities reported on an outbreak of cholera, which has since ballooned to over suspected 2,000 cases throughout and resulted in at least 29 reported deaths. Centered in regime-controlled Aleppo and in opposition-controlled territory in the north, some fear that cases have been significantly under-reported. All available reports from U.N. and other organizations suggest that, with security continuing to deteriorate in Syria, and no political solution in sight, the humanitarian situation for the Syrian people is unlikely to improve any time soon.

 

 

MESOP MIDEAST WATCH : DAS AMERIKANISCHE-KURDISCHE (PKK/SDF) ÖLFELD IN SYRIEN

Die USA und das Al-Omar-Ölfeld: Militärbasis oder Ölgier

23/09/2022 VON ENAB BALADI – Seit Anfang dieses Jahres ist es eskaliert, dass vom Iran unterstützte Milizen in der Nähe der Region östlich von Deir Ezzor auf das Al-Omar-Ölfeld, das die größte US-Basis in Syrien hat, gezielt angegriffen werden.

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