ORSAM Report No: 139 Balances among Kurds in Syria, Regime Opponents and Turkey: Relations Pattern at the Crossroads of Conflict-Stability

ORSAM -The transition period in the Middle East brought up not only democratization demands, but also the relations depending on fragile factors for a long time in the region to the agenda. After the U.S. invasion of Iraq in 2003, wide-scale transition scenarios including the change of borders and regimes in the Middle East started to be discussed again.

The fact that the Arab Spring was not limited with the demands for democratization and turned into a revolutionist character led to questioning the alliances formed in the Middle East in the last 30 years. The opposition movements, which came out against the oppressive regimes with demands for democratization and for living under humanitarian conditions, after a while started to inevitably continue their movements on ethnical and sectarian lines.

1. Kurdish Political Parties in Syria: Cooperation and Power Struggle

2. Turkey and Syrian Kurds: Recent History, Relationship and Inspiration

3. Turkey and Syrian Kurds: The Problem of Perception, Deadlock and Coexistence

4. Relationship Between Syrian Kurds and Other Opposition Organizations: The Enemy of My Enemy Is My Friend

Conclusion and Suggestions


1. An Interview with Mustafa Juma, Leader of the Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria which is known as Azadî in short, and is Partiya Azadî ya Kurdî li Sûriyê in Kurdish 

2. An Interview with Dr. Hamed Ahmad Derbendi, Deputy Minister in Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the Political Figure Representing Kurdistan Regional Government on the Syrian Kurds File 

3. An Interview with Nadjia Hafsa, Legal Officer in the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

4. An Interview with Mahmoud Ahmad Arabo, the Northern Iraq Representative of Kurdish Freedom Party in Syria which is known as Azadî in short, and is Partiya Azadî ya Kurdî li Sûriyê in Kurdish

5. An Interview with Cedan Ali, the Northern Iraq Representative of Kurdish Reform Movement in Syria ( Bizutnava Çaksaci in Kurdish – Hareket-ul Islah in Arabic)

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