WASHINGTON – Reuters – 28 May 2015 – The US military has started training Syrian opposition fighters in Turkey to combat the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), an expected expansion of a program that first launched in Jordan weeks ago, a US official told Reuters on May 28.
The official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, did not offer details on the size of the first group of recruits undergoing training in Turkey or the specific start date. The Pentagon declined to comment. President Barack Obama’s administration says the program aims only to target ISIL forces, not troops loyal to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad. But critics, including in the US Congress, say that theoretical limitation is unlikely to withstand the realities of Syria’s messy civil war. The United States hopes the long-awaited program will train just over 5,000 Syrian fighters a year, giving the US military partners on the ground to combat Islamic State. So far, the US role in Syria has been largely limited to air strikes, although American special operations forces killed a senior ISIL leader in a raid there this month. All of the US military training of Syrian opposition fighters is taking place outside of the country. Beyond Jordan and Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar have also offered to host training sites.