What Is the “Deep State?” | Fritz Lodge, The Cipher Brief
The term “Deep State” has achieved new popularity in recent weeks, but not in reference to opaque military elites in faraway countries. Today, the term is aimed at the U.S. government itself. In particular, the deep state has become a catchall term, which credits a shadow network of spies and bureaucrats with conspiring to undermine the new administration. https://www.thecipherbrief.com/article/what-is-deep-state-1091?utm_source=Join+the+Community+Subscribers&utm_campaign=a1015f3c4e-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_03_22&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_02cbee778d-a1015f3c4e-122492169
The Deep State Mirage in Turkey | Steven Cook, Senior Fellow, Middle East and Africa Studies, Council on Foreign Relations
The concept of the deep state can be traced back to Turkey, where an alleged network of military officers, intelligence operatives, policemen, organized crime figures, academics, journalists, and politicians work behind the scenes as a sort of shadow government.