25.02.2014 – Hemin Salih – BasNews, Erbil – The ruling Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), headed by President Massoud Barzani, plans to announce confederation in the region as a result of the recent conflict between the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and Iraq’s central government in Baghdad. A close source from the KDP leadership told BasNews that the KDP considers confederation the most suitable option for the KRG given the current tensions between Baghdad and Erbil.
“The KDP believes confederation will solve the problems between the KRG and Baghdad. Also, this option will prevent further escalations between Iraqi Sunnis and Shiites, because confederation will split them geographically,” the KDP source said, who spoke on condition of anonymity. In the near future, the KDP plans to present their plans to all Kurdish and Iraqi political parties and regional countries to convince those involved that confederation is the best possible outcome for all standing issues between Kurds, Shiites and Sunnis. Confederation is the permanent union of political units for common action in relation to other units. Usually created by way of a treaty, confederation often later adopts a common constitution. Confederations tend to be established for dealing with critical issues such as defense, foreign affairs, or a common currency, with the central government being required to provide support for all members.
Ali Awni, a member of the leadership council of the KDP told BasNews that for the last eleven years, Iraq has been a federal state – one that brings together a number of different political communities with a common government for common purposes.
But it is clear that a federal state is not the solution for Iraq. “The problem between Iraq and the KRG is not an administration problem, in fact it is both an identity and a geographic problem, that’s why at this stage, Confederation is the best solution for Iraq and for the KRG,” Awni explained.
“Confederation for Kurdistan is like becoming an independent state because it guarantees economic independence as well as geographical independence,” Awni added. Meanwhile, the spokesman of the Kurdish alliance in the Iraqi Parliament, Muaed Tayib, told BasNews that the federal system failed in Iraq a long time ago.
“The principle of this system is that everyone should believe in it and its constitution, but that’s not happening in Iraq,” Tayib noted. Tayib also said that right now Kurds have two options on the table. One is for Iraq to remain the central government of a federated state. The alternative is for Kurd to split from the central government by announcing confederation or by declaring independence. “Without a question, confederation is the best solution for Kurds, but it will raise problems with Baghdad. However, I do think the best option for Kurds is to declare an independent state,” Tayib concluded.