NORTH KURDISTAN (TURKEY) – MESOPOTAMIA NEWS INQUIRY & ANALYSIS BY BEGIN – SADAT CENTER
By Burak Bekdil June 29, 2018 – BESA Center Perspectives Paper No. 878, June 29, 2018
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: Four decades after they emerged as marginal parties in the 1970s, Turkey’s militant Islamists and ultranationalists won a combined 53.6% of the national vote and 57% of parliamentary seats. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has said in the past that he would make foreign policy “in line with what my nation demands,” highlighting the Islamist sensitivities of his voter base. He will now add nationalist sensitivities to that foreign policy calculus. This will likely mean confrontations with nations both inside and outside Turkey’s region.
Turkey’s presidential and parliamentary elections on June 24 sent messages on many wavelengths. The voters asserted the unchallenged popularity of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who is the longest-serving Turkish leader since Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of modern Turkey. They welcomed an infant center-right party, IYI (“good” in Turkish); recognized the country’s Kurds as a legitimate political force; and gave a cautious nod to an emerging social democrat politician, Muharrem Ince, Erdoğan’s closest presidential rival.
THE GERMAN CHAPTER – ABWEHR VON MIGRANTEN
Epoch Times (Deutsch) – 28 Juni 2018 – Er sei dringend der Mitgliedschaft in der „ausländischen terroristischen Vereinigung ‚Arbeiterpartei Kurdistans (PKK)’“ verdächtig, hieß es in einer …
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS : „REVOLUTIONÄRES“ KIDNAPPING – Mutmaßliche PKK-Anhänger unter Entführungs-Verdacht festgenommen
23.06.2018 – TAGBLATT – Karlsruhe. Karlsruhe (dpa/lsw) – Der Generalbundesanwalt hat ein mutmaßliches Mitglied und drei Unterstützer der verbotenen kurdischen Arbeiterpartei PKK festnehmen lassen. Die drei Männer und eine Frau sollen an der Entführung eines früheren PKK-Mitglieds im Raum Stuttgart maßgeblich beteiligt gewesen sein. Es sei darum gegangen, dem Mann mit dem Tod zu drohen, um ihn zur weiteren Zusammenarbeit zu zwingen, wie die Karlsruher Behörde am Freitag mitteilte.
FOUR THINGS TO WATCH IN TURKEY’S ELECTIONS
by Soner Cagaptay – Time – June 21, 2018 – The formation of a large opposition block and other electoral dynamics are clouding Erdogan’s longer-term political future.
This Sunday, June 24, Turkey’s citizens will cast two ballots, one for the presidency and another for the parliament. Opinion polls suggest a tight race for what is a historic election for both Turkey and its president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. In April 2017, Erdogan won—with a narrow 2 percent margin—a referendum to change Turkey’s constitution. This ushered in an executive-style presidential system, with Erdogan at the helm. Now, in the snap elections he called for June 24, he is hoping to win and assume the powers set out in that referendum.
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS TODAYS GENERAL COMMENTARY : ERDOGAN ENTERS TURKISH ELECTIONS WITH MORE POWER BUT LESS SUPPORT
by Soner Cagaptay – Axios – June 20, 2018 – The president will probably become even more authoritarian in the coming months, knowing that a majority of citizens would vote him out in a fair election.
Opinion polls suggest a tight race in Sunday’s Turkish elections, when President Recep Tayyip Erdogan faces off against two opposition candidates. The winner will enter office with new presidential powers, granted by an April 2017 referendum.
The big picture: The race has been an unfair one: Votes will be cast under a state of emergency, the government is censoring online content, and pro-Erdogan businesses control around 90% of the national media, which has covered Erdogan more often and more favorably than his opponents. Erdogan needs these advantages: he now represents the status quo in Turkey, and has few enticements to offer the electorate.
NORTH KURDISTAN (TURKEY) – Amberin Zaman (Turkey Pulse) June 19, 2018 – Article Summary – Dozens of Turkish captives held by the Kurdistan Workers Party seem forgotten by Turkey’s politicians, none of whom have much to gain and everything to lose by calling attention to their plight.As Turkey keeps up attacks against Kurdish rebels in their stronghold in the Qandil Mountains straddling Iran and Iraq, the plight of Turkish soldiers, intelligence operatives and various other Turkish citizens being held by the militants has received scant attention and there is growing worry among their families they might get caught in the middle.
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS : KURDISH HDP( PKK) PARTY WILL SUPPORT FASCISTS – ULTRA RIGHT – NATIONALISTS & ISLAMISTS INSTEAD OF ERDOGAN
19 June 2018 – Pro- Kurdish HDP to support fascist leader or CHP’s candidate in second round presidential election – Spox
Pro-Kurdish party HDP’s spokesman Ayhan Bilgen declared that HDP would support other presidential candidates proceeding to the second ballots against Turkish President Erdoğan
Selahattin Demirtaş, the presidential candidate of HDP, mentioned in an interview that HDP did not consider boycotting the second round elections in case he would not be one of the candidates. Demirtaş declared that he thought the Nation Alliance (made by CHP, Good Party, Islamist Felicity Party and Democrat Party) should be expanded and turn into a democracy alliance. In fact, the co-chair of HDP, Sezai Temelli, on June 13, called on the ‘opposition’ parties to form a protocol “against President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan” in presidential elections, as he called for “uniting for democracy.”
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS Iran coy on support for Turkish assault on PKK in Iraq – Erdogan calls on “friends” for waging attack on Qandil – 18 June 2018 – AL MONITOR
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is banking on Iran’s support for a Turkish offensive against Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) bases in the Qandil Mountain range bordering Iran and Iraq, although questions remain about the scope of the operation and the extent of Iranian backing.
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS : Special joint edition of Iqtisadi and Turkeyscope – Turkey’s pre-election economic crisis
Editors: Paul Rivlin, Joel D. Parker, Hay E. C. Yanarocak and Ceng Sagnic
Iqtisadi: Vol. 8, No. 6, Turkeyscope Vol. 2 No. 7 – June 15, 2017 – Turkey’s pre-election economic crisis
During April-May 2018, the Turkish lira fell by 24 percent against the dollar. On 23 May, after the lira fell to almost five to the dollar, the Central Bank of Turkey intervened with a sharp increase in one of its primary lending rates, from 13.5 percent to 16 percent. This helped stabilize the exchange rate (see Chart 1). This exchange rate crisis is not Turkey’s first: in 2001 there was a massive crisis and devaluation of 30 percent. The 2008 international financial crisis resulted in 15 percent further devaluation. While the economy was hit hard in 2008, it made a quick recovery.1
Since then, Turkey’s economic performance has been much less impressive. Progress increasingly diverged from the historical record of best-performing economies because the pace of reform that had been designed to move Turkey towards European Union membership flagged and economic decisions became increasingly politicized. Economic growth became more unbalanced, accompanied by increasing debt in both the private sector and the external sphere.
In 2016, when the failed coup took place there was another devaluation. The exchange rate of the Turkish lira fell by a third against the US dollar between March
weiterlesen / click to continue
MESOPOTAMIA NEWS Interview: “Endziel der türkischen Offensive im Nordirak ist endgültige Zerschlagung von PKK”
RUSSIA TODAY – 17.06.2018 • 15:10 Uhr – Der türkische Militärwissenschaftler Furkan Halit Yolcu hat mit RT Deutsch über die neue türkische Militäroperation im Nordirak, die Rolle der USA sowie des Iran und Operationen in Syrien gesprochen. Ziel der Türkei sei die komplette Zerschlagung der PKK.
von Ali Özkök – Furkan Halit Yolcu ist Militärwissenschaftler und Sicherheitsanalyst am Nahost-Institut der Universität Sakarya in der Westtürkei. Er hat sich auf die türkische Einflussprojektion in Syrien und Irak fokussiert.
Was ist das große strategische Ziel der Türkei, das militärisch in das nordirakische Kandil-Gebirge vorrückt, während die syrische Kurdenmiliz YPG hauptsächlich in der Lage bleibt, auch ohne Manbidsch zu überleben?
Das Endziel der türkischen Intervention im Nordirak ist die endgültige Zerschlagung der terroristischen Bedrohungen. Diese Frage ist in der türkischen Politik hochgradig abgesichert. Es kommt auch einem großen Erfolg für die Regierung gleich, überhaupt militärische Operationen im Kandil-Gebirge durchführen zu können. Und ja, vielleicht können YPG/PKK ohne Manbidsch überleben, aber sie werden ohne eine funktionierende Körperschaft leben müssen.