MESOPOTAMIA NEWS “SAFE ZONE SYRIA” : WHO GOT DUMPED ? US / TURKEY OR PKK KURDS?
If this Bloomberg report on what Turkey got from the US as concerns YPG held northeast Syria is true then really, Turkey played Washington so well (no surprise) and Kurds got dumped (also no surprise).
Selcan Hacaoglu – Bloomberg•August 25, 2019
(Bloomberg) — Turkey sees its deal with the U.S. to carve out a narrow security zone in northern Syria as just the beginning, two Turkish officials said, with Ankara determined to purge Kurdish fighters from a much larger section of the border region.
After weeks of difficult negotiations, the NATO allies agreed this month to jointly patrol an area stretching 125 kilometers (78 miles) between the Syrian towns of Tal Abyad and Ras al-Ayn, and up to 15 kilometers deep, according to the officials, who have direct knowledge of the talks but asked not to be identified in line with regulations barring them from talking to the media.
While the agreement should allow Turkey’s military to move into northeast Syria without firing a shot, the country could unleash a unilateral incursion if the zone isn’t deepened and extended by as much as several hundred kilometers at a later date, they said.
The Pentagon did not respond to a request for comment on the Turkish plans.
Turkey has deployed 10 brigades along its frontier between the Euphrates River and the Iraqi border to confront an estimated 15,000 members of the Kurdish YPG, the officials added.
A joint Turkish-U.S. headquarters designed to oversee a buffer zone in northern Syria became “fully operational” on Saturday, state-run Anadolu Agency reported, citing Defense Minister Hulusi Akar. A first helicopter flight over the zone, which will be off-limits to U.S.-backed YPG forces, was planned for Saturday.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government has declared the YPG — which took control of swaths of northern Syria as security collapsed during that country’s civil war — a mortal enemy. That’s because of its links to another Kurdish separatist movement, the PKK, which Turkey has been fighting for over three decades and is considered a terrorist organization by the U.S. and European Union.
Erdogan’s desire to force the militia away from Turkey’s frontier is complicated by the presence of U.S. troops originally stationed in the region to aid the YPG in their joint fight against now largely vanquished Islamic State jihadists.
Ties between Ankara and Washington have stumbled from crisis to crisis in recent years. Given the mistrust, Turkey suspects the U.S. backs the YPG’s aspiration for some form of Kurdish self-rule, and that it’s using the group as a proxy force to defend American interests as Syria’s eight-year war nears its end with President Bashar al-Assad still in power thanks to his Russian and Iranian allies.
The Turkish-U.S. agreement foresees the immediate withdrawal of YPG fighters from the buffer zone, with the U.S. collecting heavy weapons it had supplied to the group, the officials said. Fortified Kurdish positions and tunnels were to be destroyed, they said. Turkey wants members of the YPG’s political wing, called the PYD, to leave the area as well.
The YPG, or People’s Protection Units, are affiliated with the Syrian Kurdish Democratic Union Party. Both deny they are enemies of Turkey and say they seek only to protect Syria’s Kurds.
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The deal allows for Turkish armed drones to start surveillance flights over the zone but the U.S. hasn’t yet agreed to overflights by Turkish warplanes, the officials said. The U.S. also opposes Turkey’s proposal to move Ankara-backed rebels of the Free Syrian Army to the area, but did agree that refugees living in Turkey could return, they said.
Joint military patrols are expected to start within a month and Turkey will set up four bases ahead of the creation a local security force, the officials said.
Turkish demands to be able to deploy as many troops as it considers necessary to enforce security were rebuffed, with the U.S. agreeing only to the deployment of two Turkish soldiers for every American soldier, they added.
To contact the reporter on this story: Selcan Hacaoglu in Ankara at firstname.lastname@example.org
To contact the editors responsible for this story: Lin Noueihed at email@example.com, Mark Williams
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