• Salih Muslim, the Co-President of the Democratic Union Party (PYD), said that the Astana peace talks are “doomed to fail”. During a PYD conference, Muslim reaffirmed that the Kurdish people exist in Syria on the ground and that they’ve solidified their presence through their public policies, intellectual thought, and undeniable strength. He added that nobody can exclude the Kurds and hope to achieve any successful political solution for the future in Syria. The People’s Defense Units (YPG) also released a statement rejecting the results of the Astana talks, from which they were excluded. “Since we have not been invited to the Astana talks, the decisions taken there will not be binding to us in any way,” the statement reads. The Syrian National Democratic Coalition which includes Kurdish, Arab, and Christian alliances demanded the participation of all secular and democratic Syrian forces in all future peace and political talks/negotiations.
  • The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) completed the training of 132 newly recruited fighters from Raqqa city. The newly joint elements comprise mostly Arab tribes, as the SDF moves closer to liberating Raqqa in support of the U.S.-led coalition. A SDF spokesperson told tribes in Raqqa province that the liberation of the city is near.  Recently the SDF advanced to the Tabqa Dam in Raqqa, which is considered a strategic area for securing the city.